Philosopher Mary Midgely pointed out the fatuousness of the “meme” hypothesis in painfully direct terms.
Neuroscientist Michael Egnor notes that the idea of consciousness is “empty,” much like the idea of “natural selection” in evolution.
We hear a lot of talk these days about “following the science.” But science rarely speaks with one unified voice.
Leisola and Witt also discuss the well-documented pattern of scientists defending an existing paradigm even after fresh discoveries have turned against it.
When you read Matti Leispola’s account of his adventures with a persecuted enclave of Darwin skeptics, you’ll understand why he has a smile on his face.