Geneticist Wolf-Ekkehard Lönnig concludes that, “Sexual selection is not the cause of the long-necked giraffe.”
Darwinists have called it one of “nature’s worst designs,” “obviously a ridiculous detour,” asserting that “no engineer would ever make a mistake like that.”
The giraffe is one of those all-star icons of evolution, familiar from textbook covers, that falls apart on closer inspection.
Denis Lamoureux uses classic design language while denying design.
Following Darwin, with an assist from Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin, Ken Miller proposes that human reason, consciousness, etc. are exaptations, or “spandrels.”