To evolve a protein, Douglas Axe draws a comparison to seeking out — blindfolded! — a particular atom secreted away somewhere in the Milky Way.
Let’s consider the eye, which is but one of many subsystems (along with the brain, heart, liver, lungs, etc.) in higher animals that coordinate their tasks to keep an organism alive.
Thomas Hills argues that we will accord human-style rights to robots because we will come to empathize with them.