No longer think of proteins as isolated parts in a cell. Think of them as friends networking and participating together in a community.
The junk DNA paradigm may have caused us to miss the precise DNA that helps makes a species unique.
A new theory “emerges first in the mind of one or a few individuals” but then it spreads because the field faces “crisis-provoking problems.”
Here is a simple analogy. Imagine a planetary rover lands on the north pole of a planet, and the humans controlling it wish to drive to the south pole.
Natural selection can’t work until there is something functional enough to select, and without guidance it cannot happen.