Everyone knows that maintaining life requires energy, but most do not appreciate the intricate steps required to harness it.
Cell membranes are essential for life because they actively maintain homeostasis, providing a consistent environment inside the cell.
Two new papers reveal fine-tuning in the assembly of ATP synthase rotary motors and in its operation under ATP hydrolysis.
This idea was crucial to his ethical vision. For more, see our brief and timely video, “Martin Luther King on the Design of the Universe.”
We rarely give a second thought to our body’s energy production. Robots use a battery pack and long lengths of wiring to transfer electricity.