Did Christianity really drag the West into an anti-scientific “Dark Ages,” a period said to stretch from the fall of Rome to 1450 AD?
Many remember David Hume as a pioneering freethinker who saw through the superstition and sectarian dogmatism of religion.
When science is considered the only route to knowledge, scientific experts are given the right to rule, and science becomes totalitarian.
Following Darwin, with an assist from Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin, Ken Miller proposes that human reason, consciousness, etc. are exaptations, or “spandrels.”
Francis Schaeffer described what he called the “line of despair,” an assumption that faith and reason are separated from each other permanently.