Graphene was first characterized in 2004 when two researchers took graphite and exfoliated individual sheets of graphene using scotch tape.
Proponents of an evolutionary explanation for life and the universe credit natural processes with a seemingly unlimited amount of time and boundless creativity.
Specified information — when improbability meets a recognizable pattern — demands explanation.
Tour issued his challenge in reply to the false claims made by YouTubers, like Dave Farina, about how these hurdles to life’s origin had been fully addressed.
Rice University chemist James Tour is still on a roll in showing up the empty boasts of origin-of-life researchers.