Cells have perfected action at a distance: not by magic, but by control of distant sites through carefully arranged functional intermediates.
The ENCODE project, now in its 17th year, ended its third phase with a new record of annotated elements in human and mouse genomes. Phase 4 is coming.
Many of the attacks result from the skeptics’ failure to properly understand Doug Axe’s 2004 article.
Researchers felt compelled to describe biological information using such phrases as “coding schemes,” “carries meaning,” “core program,” and “hierarchical rules (grammar).”
DNA has long been considered the “master molecule” in genetics, but its erstwhile servant, RNA, is gaining increased recognition for its many essential functions.