There’s something very clarifying about seeing an argument laid out in crisp bullet points.
Theorists hope to alleviate a deficiency in Shannon information theory, which dealt only with the structure of a communication, not its semantics.
Oh, it’s very difficult to concede that you were mistaken about something. Especially, I would say, for males.
ID is a rival theory, a scientific theory, doing the normal work that scientific ideas must do to supplant a currently dominant idea.
As a systems architect, I’ve spent decades designing and implementing large and complex systems of information systems.