Any evolving system of RNAs would quickly include almost exclusively RNAs that performed no biologically useful actions.
A reader must ask if an RNA molecule could possibly govern chemical reactions, suppress free-riders, support co-operators, and act in its own self-interest.
Professor Hansma maintains that sets of integrated reactions could have been directed by natural selection to gradually evolve into an autonomous cell.
Forever lacking are the key elements required for life: coordinated activity, coherent function, regulated control, meaningful information, purposeful intent.
“How close are we to understanding the origin of life?” a radio moderator asked atheist biologist Richard Dawkins.