Emergence, as a perceptual surprise, can’t explain the mind because emergence presupposes the mind.
Tatiana and Krista Hogan’s shared and individual powers of mind are just what Thomistic dualism predicts.
“Is the soul real? Or is it just an old construct used to explain what a scientifically illiterate society could not?”
The human mind, unlike the human brain, is an immaterial entity, thus unrealizable by a material artifact like a computer.
Patients missing large parts of their brain tissue can lead normal lives because the material, the tissue, is not all there is to us.