The article cites new literature that has appeared since I published my own review nine years ago.
OK. Let’s get real. Most of the morphological transformations for which transhumanists yearn will almost surely never come to pass.
We have tended to assume that intelligence rose with the development of a spinal cord and brain (vertebrates), and warmbloodedness (mammals and birds).
I believe the intelligent design perspective may offer insight into the peculiar inability of central nervous system tissue to regenerate.
The question of the disposition of the soul depends on what we mean by “soul.” Is the soul a thing somewhere in the brain, so to speak, or in the body?