In the “just so” stories of the Darwinian narrative, these engineering solutions simply evolved. They emerged and got conserved.
When left to their own devices, the laws of nature tend toward death, not life. So what does it take for life to exist?
Laufmann and Glicksman point to essential systems within systems within systems — irreducible complexity cubed, if you will.
“The systems that are required to make the human body work,” says Steve Laufmann, “are exactly the kinds of things that engineers design and build.”
I had the privilege of speaking on intelligence metrics. Here are my slides. I hope soon to develop this talk into a proper peer-reviewed paper.