Systems biology is taking the biological world by storm, an approach that treats biological systems as optimally or near-optimally engineered systems.
Systems biologists assume for the sake of research that a biological system under investigation is optimally engineered.
Biologists have faced a vexing dilemma since the philosophy of scientific materialism came to dominate Western thought.
A key question is how long biologists can argue that life looks like a duck, swims like a duck, and quacks like a duck, but it is actually a cat.
Intelligent design pioneer Michael Behe continues his conversation with philosophers Pat Flynn and Jim Madden.