According to Halsmer, engineering involves “the creative use of resources and ingenuity to accomplish a purpose or solve a problem.” It does so by creating “affordances.”
“Imagine two science teachers. Mr. Smith expects students simply to memorize and correctly regurgitate.”
Following Darwin, with an assist from Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin, Ken Miller proposes that human reason, consciousness, etc. are exaptations, or “spandrels.”
Judge Hodge found that evolutionary doctrine is actually materialistic philosophy disguised as empirical science.
Of course, there’s a page on the subject, and you guessed it, they deceptively minimize the theme of eugenics and racism in the book.