The video was developed in an ingenious way by its creator, writer, and animator. And who is that? I can’t share that information with you.
Dr. Marks is obviously right. A sculpture has more information than the raw material from which the image was sculpted.
According to Halsmer, engineering involves “the creative use of resources and ingenuity to accomplish a purpose or solve a problem.” It does so by creating “affordances.”
“Imagine two science teachers. Mr. Smith expects students simply to memorize and correctly regurgitate.”
Following Darwin, with an assist from Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin, Ken Miller proposes that human reason, consciousness, etc. are exaptations, or “spandrels.”