If you “listen to the experts,” or anyway some of the experts, cells are “little bags of garbage” and Miller-Urey is a “true simulation of prebiotic chemistry.”
What atheists and materialists can’t explain is why this fitness is so special, so unforgivingly precise and intricate, at every stage on the journey to us.
The phenomenon of convergent evolution suggests that natural selection fits better with the analogy of the engineer than it does the tinkerer.
Remarkably, even Ernst Mayr was forced to tacitly acknowledge the challenge to Darwinism posed by convergence.
From crippled fruit flies we move to perhaps the most pervasive icon of them all, the peppered moth.