If someone suggests that a coherent, interdependent system of systems arose by chance, they’ll need to back that up with a detailed engineering analysis.
Philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn was criticized for various inconsistencies in his argument.
A growing number of biologists now acknowledge that there are serious problems with modern evolutionary theory.
Scientific revolutions are often marked by disputes over the “standard that distinguishes a real scientific solution from a mere metaphysical speculation.”
What does it mean to say that a theory is “in crisis”? It’s not enough to point out that a theory is inconsistent with evidence.