The material universe must be caused, and it cannot be the cause of its own existence.
“Cosmopsychism might seem crazy,” says philosopher Phillip Goff, “but it provides a robust explanatory model for how the universe became fine-tuned for life.”
What is it that we are most sure of? It’s a fundamental question, the object of philosophical analysis for millennia.
Remarkably parallel struggles go on, as well, in Protestant and Jewish circles, whether the debate focuses on C.S. Lewis or Maimonides, Augustine of Hippo or Samson Raphael Hirsch.
The question about the material/immaterial nature of abstract thought is crucial to the debate over the plausibility of materialism.