Any evolution beyond the level of genus — for instance, the separate families containing cats and dogs — cannot be achieved through mindless Darwinian mechanisms.
Rapid eye movement may indicate neural activity, but dreaming for me implies a conscious awareness of the dream state, which I consider as unlikely in spiders.
A common argument as to why abortion is generally ethical is that the unborn child cannot reason.
Egnor: “Do you want me to explain Thomistic dualism to you?…David, do you not know how St. Thomas explained intentionality?” Papineau: “Uh, no.”
Our perspective is supported by a rigorous and elegant metaphysical framework, which began with Plato and particularly Aristotle.