The material universe must be caused, and it cannot be the cause of its own existence.
“If only Tiktaalik had inherited three pairs of stubby little old fins we’d be centaurs now.”
Caleb Scharf explores the degrees of magnitude separating the immensity of the universe from the smallest particle of matter.
Increasingly, the direction of research points away from a materialist view in which information is seen as a byproduct of matter.
Some scientists respond, “Well, there must be an enormous number of universes and each one is a little different. This one just happened to turn out right.”