The most abundant biopolymer on Earth requires a host of machines, genes, proteins, and accessories.
Let’s imagine trying to design something as “simple” as a self-replicating cardboard box.
As every medical student comes to learn when first dissecting the human body at medical school, our limbs are almost entirely composed of muscles.
Without this ensemble of fitness in nature, there would be no wood, no fire, no metallurgy, no modern technology.
Without lignin, there would be no woody plants, no wood, no coal, no charcoal, no fire, no pottery, and certainly no iron or metallurgy.