It is during the latter stages of the production of an animal oocyte that many functionalities of what some disparage as “junk DNA” take center stage.
Let us give some thought to the Y chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster, that engaging fly which is the bond-servant of genetics.
I don’t think the study can claim all the things it does based on the evidence they have.
Molecular clocks are a relatively simple concept.
His choice of targets for criticism and for praise have a lot more to do with his particular agenda than the defects or merits of those whom he critiques.