Many studies show that degradative mutations in APOB cause decreased cholesterol.
The core difficulty for some scientists who read Michael Behe’s book is also the key idea at its heart.
Note that “peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants” is a very broad term that is not limited to human beings. Rather, it includes everything from grass, fish, and insects, to mice, snakes, and people.
Lenski agrees that the beneficial mutations seen in his Long Term Evolution Experiment are overwhelmingly degradative or loss-of-function ones.
Immediately you know these structures were designed. How should you know that? How did the scientists know that?