In a previous article I described the evidence that cooption faces insurmountable mathematical challenges in explaining the origins of such complex molecular machines as the bacterial flagellum.
This line of argumentation only appears compelling to those who assume from that start that the core assumptions of the standard evolutionary model are true.
The evidence commonly cited to argue for evolution’s ability to drive large-scale transformations is almost always circular.
A biologist in our network worked as a postdoctoral researcher at Harvard. He recounted how about a quarter of the postdocs he encountered were at least sympathetic to design arguments.
One of most popular attempts at explaining the flagellum via cooption was developed by Nicholas Matzke.