The evolution of many complex traits, such as echo location in whales, requires the modification or creation of numerous proteins, physical structures, and neural connections.
Many of the attacks result from the skeptics’ failure to properly understand Doug Axe’s 2004 article.
Researchers felt compelled to describe biological information using such phrases as “coding schemes,” “carries meaning,” “core program,” and “hierarchical rules (grammar).”
To provide a deeper understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of information-based arguments, I will delve into the underlying mathematics.
I will flesh out the concept of biological information, and I will explain why significant quantities of it cannot be generated through natural processes.