Between cells and humans, there are millions of “ugly duckling” species that are beautiful in their own way.
What drives natural selection? Evolutionary forces. What are evolutionary forces? They’re what drive natural selection.
Biology is becoming overwhelmed by new vistas of dynamic complexity. Attempts to get a handle on this complexity has ushered in the era of Omics.
The principle behind this biological methodology can be extended to every case in biology where an organism needs to discriminate signals from self.
Less time and more complexity are compressed into an impossible challenge for evolution.