Emergence, as a perceptual surprise, can’t explain the mind because emergence presupposes the mind.
“If only Tiktaalik had inherited three pairs of stubby little old fins we’d be centaurs now.”
What is it that we are most sure of? It’s a fundamental question, the object of philosophical analysis for millennia.
The question about the material/immaterial nature of abstract thought is crucial to the debate over the plausibility of materialism.
As Lysenkoism enjoys a revival in Russia, it thrives here too.