If we treat criminals the way we treat natural disasters — as physical events without moral culpability — the pragmatic approach is preemption as well.
How much does Gödel’s incompleteness theorem weigh? What is the physics of non-contradiction? How many millimeters long is Tom Clark’s argument for naturalism?
Emergence, as a perceptual surprise, can’t explain the mind because emergence presupposes the mind.
“If only Tiktaalik had inherited three pairs of stubby little old fins we’d be centaurs now.”
What is it that we are most sure of? It’s a fundamental question, the object of philosophical analysis for millennia.