Recently, atheist Michael Shermer debated Catholic philosopher Edward Feser. The subject was Feser’s new book on five arguments for the existence of God.
Biologists often claim that coevolutionary interactions, as with bees and flowers, can alter the fitness landscape to drive evolutionary changes.
England’s research is focused on the wrong question. Origin-of-life theories are not helped by identifying processes that efficiently dissipate energy.
A common attempt to overcome the need for information in the first cell is to equate information to a reduction in entropy.
A fundamental hurdle facing all origin-of-life theories is the fact that the first cell must have had a free energy far greater than its chemical precursors.