To provide a deeper understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of information-based arguments, I will delve into the underlying mathematics.
I will flesh out the concept of biological information, and I will explain why significant quantities of it cannot be generated through natural processes.
The most promising candidate for a “natural engine” is proton flows across thermal vents that theoretically could generate high-energy molecules.
The piece is highly technical and mathematical, but the basic argument can be quickly summarized with only a marginal loss of technical accuracy.
Spontaneous natural processes always tend toward states of greater entropy, lower energy, or both.