Scientists in Western cultures have been trained to see the world through a materialist metanarrative where the only acting players are matter and energy.
The evidence of purpose and design permeate life at every level, and this evidence presents ever increasing challenges to all theories of undirected evolution.
Recently, atheist Michael Shermer debated Catholic philosopher Edward Feser. The subject was Feser’s new book on five arguments for the existence of God.
Biologists often claim that coevolutionary interactions, as with bees and flowers, can alter the fitness landscape to drive evolutionary changes.
England’s research is focused on the wrong question. Origin-of-life theories are not helped by identifying processes that efficiently dissipate energy.