While humans invented algorithms only within the last century, enabling the development of AI, animals exhibit behavioral algorithms that long predate humans.
Speaking of regularly spaced circles, I observed something similar in southern Utah from a helicopter in 2019 (see the photo at the top).
The difficulty of finding your way back home from a long distance is partly solved in a tiny ant’s brain.
Learning is largely a programmed behavior, governed by a type of algorithm, particularly for animals with limited cognitive ability.
Eric Cassell asks, “How did these complex programmed behaviors originate?” The question deserves a better answer than, “They evolved.”