Charles Darwin indiscriminately lumped together the organic and inorganic spheres — a grand category error.
So what is real, according to Brent Mishler? Only phylogeny — the tree of evolutionary descent.
The book under review is a splendid and uniquely well-informed contribution to the debate about what is by all indices a theory in possibly terminal crisis.
Systems engineer Steve Laufmann explains why the four lack the power to generate life’s great variety of forms.
It was undoubtedly a tremendous philosophical coup for Darwin whose knowledge of formal philosophy was limited.