The problem is obvious: Information is by its nature immaterial. It is measured in bits, not kilograms or joules.
Scientists have learned over the centuries that when a fundamental theoretical impasse is encountered, we do not blame nature.
The core argument of neo-Darwinism is, simply, that evolution, and life on Earth, are the result of random, aka, purposeless chemical reactions.
Abiogenesis is the prebiotic process wherein life, such as a cell, arises from non-living materials such as simple organic compounds.
There’s a problem that biologists have long pondered — how do proteins find other proteins within the cell that they are supposed to interact with?