What do biologists make of the apparently purposive nature of all these different kinds of complex programmed behaviors?
Eric Cassell argues that these innate skills point to algorithms programmed into the ant’s brain and genome.
Charles Darwin conceded that such instincts are “so wonderful” that their origin would strike many as “a difficulty sufficient to overthrow my whole theory.”
Eric Cassell discuss the No Free Lunch theorems of William Macready and David Wolpert, and the problem of blind searches for everything from Rubik’s cube solutions to the formula for WD-40.
How could a mindless evolutionary process have evolved these sophisticated colonies?