Without the possibility of a design behind the universe, to ask “why” would truly be absurd.
The oversimplification here is staggering (Darwin and women’s rights?!) and would take an entire book to unpack.
As a top science journal tells the story, the Galileo myth is relevant only to attack those who challenge the establishment consensus.
Scholarship on Spinoza in the last decade has increasingly recognized that he opposed the observational (empirical) and mathematical analyses of nature.
It has to do with the difference between interpolation and extrapolation.