Honeybees and cells have a limited set of options that are programmed into their genomes.
Ants, fruit flies, and even plants can also calculate but it does not follow that they are conscious of what they are doing.
It is important to qualify what “consciousness” means when we are talking about bees.
Thin strands we call hair can give headaches to Darwinists. Here are some surprising stories about hair.
They appear in the early Cambrian fossil record: the first examples of the most diverse phylum on earth. Who knew their skills would become the envy of human engineers?