Whether your dog can philosophize is not a puzzle you need to look to the Oxford English Dictionary to resolve.
You think if Darwinian theory had emerged not in the dark age of the 19th century but in our own woke era, it would be different? No, it wouldn’t.
The wish to demote, punish, and degrade ourselves this way, a neurosis special to our modern culture, is itself, ironically, a tribute to human exceptionalism.
A key idea in the theory of ID is specification, or matching a pattern. Specified, complex information is a hallmark of intelligent activity.
A paper likens the proteome to a language with a “quasi-universal grammar” possessing the minimum complexity necessary to function as a cell.