Nature-rights laws generally allow anyone who believes that nature’s “rights” are being violated to sue to prevent the violation and to seek redress.
Nature rights apply to individual animals. And, one would assume, to be consistent, to individual plants, insects, water, and (what the hell) germs too.
Harari’s conjecture — “There are no gods” — forms the very basis for everything he says in the rest of the book.
In the situation he describes, it would be a very complacent and foolish detective who took the circumstances as simply natural and failed to ask how they got to be that way.
Thank you to Wesley J. Smith for fighting what’s often a very lonely fight against the increasingly dehumanizing tendency in contemporary medicine.