The flip side of Darwin’s proposal of natural selection as a designer substitute is that “things look designed — because they are designed.”
“Convergent evolution” is not a process. It is a post-hoc observation based on evolutionary assumptions.
Some evolutionists still don’t get it. You can’t design something for a purpose and call it Darwinism.
“Evolution of novel genes”? Isn’t that the question at hand? Where do novel genes come from?
Three main things must occur for the young salmon, called a smolt, to prepare for life in the salty ocean.