You do not need to study mutations for thirty years to predict that bombarding plant chromosomes with radiation will not lead to major agricultural advances.
The evolution of life mimics the evolution of software or other human technology.
We talk about the “evolution” of automobiles, yet we know there was design at every stage of this evolution.
“Remove the sun,” wrote Isaac Asimov, “and the human brain would not have developed.”
Sometimes it helps to step back from the details and look at the bigger picture.