Our suffering phobia has triggered a harmful societal neurosis that has both subverted human exceptionalism and undermined societal common sense.
Some jurisdictions are getting there faster and some slower. But that tide only flows in one direction.
While octopus brains are very different from vertebrate brains, they share with vertebrates, a huge number of microRNAs.
Alexander H. Stephens was Vice President of the Confederacy. In 1861 he delivered an oration justifying slavery and rebellion on scientific grounds.
What is the evolutionary argument against unapologetic racism and the supremacy of whatever race can climb to the top?