The fatal flaw with metaphysical vitalism was that it invariably led to circular reasoning.
Turner classifies the intelligent design movement as a resurgence of Platonic idealism.
Darwin’s ideas have become a flashpoint in the culture, so any discussion of the science can easily become highly polarized and politicized.
As biologist Scott Turner explains, the appearance is not false but very real, a fact from whose profound implications most scientists veil their eyes.
Can you think of an un-designed process that employs external machinery to maintain the state of another machine?