These evasions include the steady state model, the idea of an eternal cyclical universe, and the string landscape model.
Unsurprisingly, many academics have attempted to overturn the conclusion of a beginning through the most creative of means.
Will robots or other computers ever become so fast and powerful that they become conscious, creative, and free?
Averick describes the work as “superficial,” “convenient,” and marked by “a glaring lack of profundity.”
If the model were plausible, the level of fine-tuning would represent even greater evidence of design than it was intended to avoid by removing the beginning.