Following Darwin, with an assist from Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin, Ken Miller proposes that human reason, consciousness, etc. are exaptations, or “spandrels.”
Most of us think of science as the enterprise of seeking truth by formulating hypotheses and testing them against the evidence. This is empirical science.
In my book, I argue that Thomas Aquinas’ teaching cannot be reconciled with theistic evolution.
Miller is one of those “settled science” bullies. Here he sets his sights on essayist Marilynne Robinson.
Obviously, evolutionary “laws” are quite malleable and have to give way when they become too cumbersome.