Jonah Goldberg talked with Harvard astronomer Avi Loeb about “Oumuamua, Alien Life & Fighting the Mainstream Science Community.” Loeb, we should note carefully, is not an advocate of intelligent design, in the sense of inferring that a transcendent designer of the universe exists. He is an atheist, in fact.
But as you can see from this extract from the conversation, Loeb encounters the implacable resistance — i.e., the a priori wall — of methodological naturalism (MN) in his astronomical investigations. He says:
What’s the chance that the first three interstellar objects out of four would be so unusual, unfamiliar? It says something. It says that we need to collect more data. It’s intriguing. And instead what I hear from my colleagues is, “No, it must be natural. It’s a rock of a type that we’ve never seen before but it’s natural. Period. End of discussion, let’s move on. And I say “No it’s actually very interesting. Let’s figure out what it is.” And in fact, that’s the way science is done, by collecting more evidence.
Unless MN has a well-defined escape clause — a reachable point at which one may rationally entertain design (intelligent causation) — it is a science stopper. Science killer, actually.
Goldberg highlighted the clip on Twitter, which is how I found it. It’s very interesting to me that he chose this particular comment from Loeb. See the video here, starting at 12:59.