The ability to look ahead and foresee is no small matter, and even human beings can have trouble with it — as witness the supply chain problem.
In this workshop-like setting, a group of 60 biologists, engineers, medical practitioners, and researchers from related disciplines assembled for three days.
The theory of intelligent design understands living systems to be engineered systems.
A non-humanoid gelatinous alien might assign no meaning to the faces on Mount Rushmore if the alien had never seen a humanoid.
Let me tell a little story about blood clotting, Russell Doolittle, and Michael Ruse.