So how did the paper determine that photosynthesis has an “overall simplicity,” despite the complexity just described?
The reason this evidence of “fine-tuning for discovery” is so satisfying to me is not just because it defeats the anthropic principle.
Dominic Halsmer draws on the engineering concept of affordances to explore how Earth shows evidence of having been intelligently engineered for life.
When one takes all the evidence together, a better explanation for our finely tuned place in the cosmos is a fine-tuner, a designing intelligence.
Synthetic organic chemist James Tour, of Rice University, has shown the folly of NASA scientists and others in a number of videos.