Protocells place origin-of-life researchers in an awkward position: relying upon an imaginary entity to sustain their belief that only matter and energy exist.
These evasions include the steady state model, the idea of an eternal cyclical universe, and the string landscape model.
My book includes a chapter on quantum mechanics, called “The Supernatural Element in Nature.”
Photosynthesis has been criticized as inefficient. Why? Because it is assumed to be the product of a mindless evolutionary process.
Combined with the evidence of information periodically infused into biology, the observation of a start to the universe goes beyond generic intelligent design.