A paper likens the proteome to a language with a “quasi-universal grammar” possessing the minimum complexity necessary to function as a cell.
Swamidass’s response doesn’t address our main arguments, but he indicates he is impressed by what Darwinian mechanisms accomplished in generating chloroquine resistance.
Kevin Williamson imagines that scientists are free to “slug it out” in journals and other academic settings, so that the truth reliably emerges.
It’s been known for some time that bacteria evade antibiotics by mutating the target of the antibiotic, often at a cost to themselves.
Trilobites look up silently from their Burgess Shale rock slabs, with sad eyes, asking, “Where did I come from?”