Lombroso’s ideas were quack science. But they were taken seriously by criminologists and public officials around the world until they were debunked.
Why have I just gone through this exercise with the 100-dimensional discrete hypercube, giving it the full track 2 monty? Two reasons.
Richard Dawkins felt free to encourage experimentation in ape-human hybrids, work that Dawkins hopes will undermine the idea that humans are anything special.
Jason Rosenhouse insists that intelligent design proponents obey his rules, but happily flouts them himself.
The shift in tone from then to now is remarkable. What happened to the awe these systems used to inspire?