Hobbyists have designed highly complex patterns using John Conway’s simple rules of birth, death, and survival.
Winston Ewert discusses the mathematical foundation for why we know Mount Rushmore is designed in a way that Mount Fuji isn’t.
Theorists hope to alleviate a deficiency in Shannon information theory, which dealt only with the structure of a communication, not its semantics.
A dependency graph is not any old ad hoc hypothesis. It was posited because it is something that we observe in software engineering.
You might think teaching about evolution in public schools is already about as misleading as it can be. Then, you find, it gets worse.